Relation theory of divine persons

1.) Relations taken formally are neither accidents nor substances. This allows for the logical possibility of subsistent relations = an entity that is a relation alone and in no way also an accident or substance.

2.) While logically possible, we cannot point to any examples of subsistent relations. My right and left hands are not just right and left but also hands, flesh, male, living, etc.

3.) Trinitarian persons are subsistent relations.

4.) Trinitarianism is not polytheism since polytheism is multiple divine substances of one divine nature and relations are not substances.

5.) Trinitarianism is not three parts of one divine substance since parts are imperfect substances and relations are not substances of any kind.

6.) Trinitarianism is not modalist since modes are distinguished as different actions of God, but actions are accidents and subsistent relations are not.

7.) Trinitarianism is not Arian since in Arianism the Father could exist without the Son or Holy Spirit but no one correlative can exist without the other.

8.) Trinitarianism is monotheist, inter alia, because it is a claim precisely about God as classically known, i.e. as a claim about that which is omnipotent, omniscient, one with its nature and act of existence, that than which nothing greater can be thought, that which is absolutely simple.

9.) Trinitarianism is a theory of an absolutely simple being since no one person can be separated from the others even in thought. One who tries to think about any one person while not thinking of the others is not thinking of God correctly. Again, no person stands to another as potency to act or vice versa.

 

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