On Feser’s Survivalism post TOF modifies a prominent eschatological thesis:
[T]ime is the measure of motion in corruptible being, and that which is non-corporeal is not corruptible. Thus, the portion of the soul that survives death does not experience the passage of time, but experiences “all time at once.” IOW, for the departed, it is already the resurrection, just as it is “already” any other time. So in particular, they already have their restored body.
Ratzinger critiqued the slightly but significantly different claim of “dying and instantly waking at the resurrection of the body”, saying that to skip over all time until the resurrection means that death separates the saints from action on history and this could never be a Christian eschatology. Ratzinger didn’t see – as TOF did – that death is not a separation from history but a transcendence of it.* Again, one of the commenters on the thread tried to critique TOF by saying that separated souls experience “discrete time”. This is true, but this is the time that logical processes or inferences take and it therefore cannot be brought into commeasuration with clock time. Discrete time is nothing but the requirement that one think with more than one thought – it has no reference at all to any tick-tocking.
All this is in keeping with the best route forward in eschatology, which is to take to heart R.C. Neville’s metaphysics of transcendence and understand God, the angels, separated souls, and the resurrected as possessing a mode of existence that is all the perfections of time: not just the existence of the present but also the fixity of the past and the open possibilities of the future. Again, we don’t mean that they have the existence of this present, but that they have the existence of every present, the fixity of every past, and the open possibilities of every future, and that they possess them “at once” – not in some present but in the sense that they do not possess any one to the exclusion of the others. Their existence preserves as a unity all the perfections that are diverse and exclusive at lower levels.
*For a definition of transcendence, see the last sentence of this post. The one previous to this one. he he… I mean what preserves as a unity all the perfections that are diverse and exclusive at lower levels.