Throughout his life, Hegel had to deal with the charge that he was a pantheist, and at one point in Lectures on Religion  he protests that no one has ever been a pantheist, that is, no one has ever thought that the mere totality or heap of all finite, contingent things piled together deserved to be called God. God is not reached by mere enumeration.

Seen from this angle, pantheism is an evaluation of things that is perhaps motivated by a desire to place God within the world of experience; or perhaps the desire to avoid irreducible dualisms while still retaining the reality of God. The positive part of this doctrine is worth keeping, sc. that the divine activity – and therefore essence – is present in the world of experience. The supernatural is not the wholly other from the natural, but the measure of God exceeding the natural.


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