Ratio and re in sense intuition

Say Empiricism is right that objects are only given to us by sensation. This does not of itself tell us anything about the logoi or rationes of the things sensed. Any one object has an indefinite amount of rationes or aspects under which it can be considered:


So is that triangle, or isosceles, or the sound “d”, or “the change in”, or “figure” or “symbol”? For that matter, is it “creature” or “contingent reality”? These are all distinct logoi of the one thing sensed.

There seems to be at least one impression involved in


But even what counts as an impression is dependent on the ratio one takes of the thing. Is this keyboard one impression, or many? If many, how many? One impression per key? One group for letters and another for symbols? Inputs and commands? The sense input only comes to us as already informed by a ratio or logos that places the impression as like or different from others; and it would destroy and muddle thought to try to separate out some pure sense data that came to us separate from a peculiar logos.

One of the main differences between Empiricism in St. Thomas or Aristotle is that they divided the sense intuition from the ratio of the intuition; and argued for “creature” or “dependent on other” to be a possible ratio under which one could encounter the sense intuition. Knowledge could in this sense extend beyond intuition, even while the intuitions themselves were limited to sensible things.

Said another way, one can insist that all objects of thought are limited to sense intuitions and still allow for a knowledge of the trans-sensible based on the diverse logoi of the intuitions themselves. We might be limited to Δ and things like it, but this does not mean that we can exclude “creature” as one logos of Δ.


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