Moral evil as slavery

Moral evil differs from mere error or falling short of the standard in that the one acting is aware of the standard but is not acting upon it. In such an action, therefore, the rational standard of what is good has been rendered inert or thrown into the oblivion of the pre-conscious. But slavery consists precisely in the denial of someone’s ability to act from their own rational motives (Aristotle even defines slavery in this way, and this would seem to be its only possible justification, or the closest it could ever get to justification.)


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