How does the parable of the Good Samaritan answer the question?

Christ tells the story of the Good Samaritan as a response to the question “who is my neighbor?” where “a neighbor” is “one I’m bound to love.” But how is it an answer?

One reading is that it is a critique of the question. The one asking understood the those to be loved or not loved as categories set down in advance, whereas the parable understands that a person is made lovable by our choice. Love is not the sort of thing that first calculates who it will include and exclude and then chooses to cultivate warm feelings for the in-group. Love just breaks forth – the Samaritan is “moved with pity”, i.e. his response is an immediate, intuitive urging, and a bursting forth from the heart, not a calculative and deliberate evaluation of his tribal relations or religious obligations.

It’s unclear if the questioner gets the point. In response to Christ’s question “Who was neighbor to the man” he says “the one who had pity on him”. The response has a haunting ambiguity. On the one hand, it can be taken as a refusal even to say the name “Samaritan”. Dallas Willard gives this interpretation, i.e. that the Jewish questioner finds it all but physically impossible to call a Samaritan his neighbor. Another reading is that the Jew completely gets the point, a recognizes that there are no longer Jews nor Greeks (nor Samaritans) but that a neighbor now just is “the one who has pity”. Briefly, We can wonder whether he does not say the word “Samaritan” out of disgust and refusal to see them as neighbors, or out of a realization that, from here onward, love has broken down all attempts to limit itself to anything less than all persons.

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