The analogous extension of terms

While answering a comment to an earlier post, the question arose that if void is the absence of body (or mass) and matter decays into energy, is energy void? Is energy (sometimes) the activity of void? This doesn’t seem necessary, but it points to a more fundamental problem: the analogous extension of terms.

All science, philosophy, and even natural religion take their point of departure from our familiar experience of the world, but all of them, in one way or another, are seeking causes of it and are therefore ipso facto seeking things that are in one way or another distinct from the experienced world. If we simply saw the causes right away we would not seek them. The causes are therefore not familiar things. The difficulty is that all of our concepts and language are based on and taken from this familiar world, and so there is always the difficulty of how to extend the meaning of terms to speak of the things which we come to know. The possibilities for deception here are infinite, and the difficulties mount whenever we try to so much as understand what we are doing. There has been a tremendous amount of work in the analogy of terms in the philosophical analysis of the experienced world, especially in the way that we must speak about God, but comparatively little in other areas.    

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