Two distinctions

1.) The teacher acts, at his best, out of a love of spreading knowledge; the student acts, at his best, out of love of attaining knowledge. Both act for the same end of knowledge, but the first acts out of superabundance, the second acts out of lack. So there are two ways of acting for an end- one which presupposes lack, another that presupposes superabundance. The same is the case with the doctor and the sick man acting for health. God acting for any good- whether of grace or nature- is in the first way.

2.) In everything we see that is a “this particular thing” or a “this” (what Latin calls “hoc aliquid” and Greek calls “tode ti”) we can distinguish two aspects: distinction and limitation. Distinction can be understood as the lack of identity with another; limitation is that which circumscribes the thing within itself. These two aspects are always distinguishable in thought, but in all creatures (finite things) the two are found together; in God there is distinction without circumscription.

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