The certitude of conscience

Consider how we experience certitude in conscience. This kind of certitude does not argue or demonstrate or even speak. We simply experience a truth and judgment already established: that thing I did was wrong. To give reasons for why the thing is wrong would be possible but unnecessary. A conscience speaking rightly does not need additional reasons, for it is reason.

Could one man in ten thousand actually give the correct argument from ethics as to why that thing I did was wrong? Probably not. Would an argument from ethics be rationally necessary to convince a man in an argument about moral philosophy? Probably. The argument in some sense requires a proof that almost no man can give, but which no man of right conscience needs.

It is therefore not outside of our experience to have a complete rational certainty of something not self evident in the absence of an argument, demonstration or discourse.

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