God as Pure Act, IXJust

God as Pure Act, IX

Just as the worker determines the material, so the completion determines the worker. For both the material and the worker are ordered to the completion. And so if anything is in the process of determination, the completion must be given (in fact, there is no difference the determination and the completion, one could use the terms interchangeably in English: to be determined is to have the completion, either actually, or in the mode of intention).

But in all things that are in motion, we can distinguish two aspects of its ability to move, for ability to move can be considered either actively or passively. The man, the bat, and the ball are able to move. So whatever is in motion can be distinguished into worker and material, even if they are one in the same subject. And so whatever is in motion is being moved by its determination or completion. But the determination of the natural thing to a completion is though its participation in the mind of the author of its nature, and author which is intrinsic to the nature, by whose efficacy the very mobile being has a determite nature. This nature is in fact, in its truest sense, nothing other than a participation in the intellective determination of God. Said another way, the truest sense of anything’s nature is that way in which they are recieving their determination from the divine mind.

But if the actual existence of nature is, at its ground, nothing other than a sort of determination by the divine mind, then outside of this determination there is no such thing as nature. But we know nature by its mobility. Therefore the divine being is absolutely without motion. But every incomplete act is said, in english, of a mobile- So God is an utterly complete act. But he is not a complete act that has come to be, for then he would not be wholly without motion. Neither is he able to come to be, for then he would be measured by motion. We can only concieve him as having absolutely no ability to become in anyway. He is more than a complete act: we can only conceive of him as that which makes the act complete, without having to become complete, or with any order to becoming some new completion. This is why we first call God act only, or pure act.


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