Part IX: A Summary Of

Part IX: A Summary Of The Previous Arguments.

In the previous parts, we examined the ways in which every human being is unified to God:

Part V: As created, and by the created things we are made of, we are unified to God through existence.
Part VI: As natural beings, and by the natural things we are made of, we are unified to God because he is the intelligent cause of per se determination.
Part VII: As living beings, and by the living beings we are made of, we are unified to God as imperfect agents, because he is the perfect eternal being who makes possible any imperfect participation in eternity.
Part VIII: As knowers, we are unified to God because he is the perfect immaterial object in which all knowledge naturally seeks its fullness. Since this desire is a desire to be unified not with a thing, but with a person, the desire for this particular knowledge is not for mere knowing, but for a unity of love in friendship with God himself.

All these unities are essential to man, and because they are essential, they are continual. To be human means to be receiving existence, nature, life, knowledge and love from God. Again:

-God as creator is the cause of existence simply speaking, so to lose his action is to loose existence simply.
-to be natural means to be per se determinate, but this very determination is the activity of the divine mind.
-to be alive means to have self motion related to the perfectly eternal. Similar considerations apply to knowledge. To exist as a knower means to desire divine friendship*.

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* People disagree about what exactly they naturally desire, of course, just as they disagree about what exactly is naturally healthy. But the disagreement is beside the point.

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